To learn Mandarin Chinese you first have to understand that Chinese is a tonal language. There are 5 tones. This means that the same word can be spoken but have a different meaning according to the tone. The five tones are: The pitch going up like asking a question. The tone goes down then up. The pitch goes down. The tone is light and soft-spoken with no emphasis. And normal tone no change. The Chinese call this tone system the “Hanyupinyin” and use the numbers 1 to 4 to mark the tones. No mark means no change or normal tone.
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